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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 77-81

Expert group opinion for diagnosis and management viral hepatitis in solid organ transplant recipients in South Asia


1 Department of Transplant Hepatology, Medanta-Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
2 Institute of Kidney Diseases and Research Center and Dr. H L Trivedi Institute of Transplantation Sciences, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Nephrology and Renal Transplant Medicine, Medanta Kidney and Urology Institute, Medanta-Medicity, Sector 38, Gurugram, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Neeraj Saraf
Department of Transplant Hepatology, Medanta-Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijot.ijot_89_21

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Viral hepatitis is endemic in the South Asia region and is mainly caused by four hepatotropic viruses: hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis E virus (HEV). South Asia region consists of developing countries and HAV and HEV infections are common because of poor sanitary conditions and hygiene practices. HAV and HEV are transmitted person-to-person by fecal‒oral route. HBV and HCV are transmitted via permucosal or percutaneous exposure. It is important to know the impact of these viral infections in the setting of transplantation including evaluation and management in pre, peri, and posttransplant periods. This review summarizes the epidemiology, preventive practices, and advisory for travelers to these endemic regions. Furthermore, recommendations for screening donors and recipients in transplant settings are discussed.


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