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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 455-457

A case report of ABO-incompatible kidney transplant in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patient coinfected with both hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses: A case report

1 Department of Nephrology, IVY Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, India
2 Department of Urology and Renal Transplant, IVY Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kulwant Singh
Department of Nephrology, IVY Hospital, Sector 71, Mohali - 160 071, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijot.ijot_20_22

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Individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at increased risk for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Kidney transplantation is the best treatment for HIV-positive ESKD patients. There are many challenges such as interactions between antiretroviral drugs and immunosuppressants, coinfection with hepatitis B (HBV) or/and C (HCV) viruses, and a higher risk of posttransplant infections and malignancies. We should not defer HIV-positive kidney transplants perceiving these medical complexities, instead employ a multidisciplinary approach to achieve successful transplantation. For HIV-positive ESKD patients, ABO-incompatible (ABOi) kidney transplantation and considering HIV-positive kidney donors are successful strategies for increasing the donor pool. We report a case of an HIV-positive ESKD patient who had coinfection with both HBV and HCV viruses and successfully underwent an ABOi live-related kidney transplant.

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