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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 431-434

Brain abscess with unusual organism Staphylococcus hemolyticus in a renal transplant recipient - A case report

Department of Nephrology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Swarnalatha Guditi
Department of Nephrology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Punjagutta, Hyderabad - 500 082, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijot.ijot_89_20

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The immunosuppressive medications in renal transplant recipients are associated with increased risk of infections, leading to significant morbidity and mortality. Here, we report a case of focal brain abscess, presented to us, 8 months after deceased donor renal transplantation with headache and altered mentation. Patient had a history of fungal pneumonia 3 months before presenting illness and received intravenous liposomal amphotericin B, for 6 weeks. On evaluation, he was found to have brain abscess, with mild graft dysfunction. Computerized tomography-guided stereotactic aspiration of the brain abscess was done which grew Staphylococcus hemolyticus. Intravenous catheter placed for 6 weeks for antifungal therapy for the management of previous fungal pneumonia was thought to be cause of staphylococcal infection. He was managed with intravenous clindamycin and levofloxacin for 6 weeks as per antibiogram and immunosuppressive medications were reduced. After 6 months of follow-up, patient was asymptomatic with normal renal function and minimal immunosuppressive medications.

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