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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 234-236

Reinfection of SARS-CoV-2 in kidney transplant recipient

1 Department of Nephrology, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Department of Nephrology, Paras HMRI Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abhishek Kumar
Consultant Nephrologist, Paras HMRI Hospital, Raza Bazar, Bailey Road, Patna - 800 014, Bihar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijot.ijot_74_21

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Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first reported from Wuhan, China, and later became a pandemic. While infection is very common, reinfection with SARS-CoV-2 is rare because immune responses from past infection reduce the risk of reinfection. In this report, we describe the case of a kidney transplant recipient who was reinfected with SARS-CoV-2 after successfully recovering from moderate COVID-19, 6 months ago. The first infection occurred in September 2020 while the reinfection occurred in April 2021. Our case highlights that kidney transplant recipients can be reinfected with COVID-19, and therefore, recovery from a primary infection should not be taken as license to shun COVID-related precautions. The disease severity, clinical course, and outcome of reinfection may be different from the first infection.

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