• Users Online: 209
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 220-224

Human leukocyte antigen-A, B, and DRB1 diversity in renal transplant patients and donors: A single-center retrospective observational study


Department of Molecular Genetics, Chimera Transplant Research Foundation, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vikash Chandra Mishra
Department of Molecular Genetics, Chimera Transplant Research Foundation, South Extension Part-II, New Delhi
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijot.ijot_102_20

Rights and Permissions

Background: The understanding of transplant acceptance or rejection derives directly from knowing human leukocyte antigen (HLA) involved in the immune response. The HLA of the major histocompatibility complex contains a numerous family of genes located on the short arm of the chromosome number 6 and divided majorly into two classes, Class I (HLA-A, B, and C) and Class II (HLA-DR, DQ, and DP). The detection and detailed information of these histocompatibility genes are essential for the better outcome of organ transplants. Aims and Objectives: The aim of the present study is to analyze the frequencies of HLA-A, B, and DRB1 in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and their prospective donors as well as to see the prevalence of heterogenicity. Materials and Methods: A total of 264 patients diagnosed with CKD and 333 potential donors were studied retrospectively in the present study. All these cases were analyzed for HLA-A, B, and DRB1 loci typing by PCR-SSOP method based on the Luminex platform. Results: We identified 15 different alleles of HLA-A, 29 of HLA-B, and 13 of HLA-DRB1 amongst studied samples. Out of these identified HLA alleles, HLA-A*02, HLA-B*35, and HLA-DRB1*15 were more frequent as compared to others. The results showed significant heterogenicity in the identified HLA-A, B, and DRB1alleles. Conclusion: The result highlights the diversity of HLA-A, B, and DRB1 alleles and is valuable as a reference for organ transplantations. Further, these findings can also guide in better donor selection and hence improved transplant outcome. In addition, this information could be a starting point for the development of an indigenous transplant assay kit.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed116    
    Printed4    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded15    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal