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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 161-165

Factors influencing survival outcome in deceased renal transplant recipients: A single-center study

1 Department of Urology, IPGMER, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Nephrology, IPGMER, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Science and Technology, IPGMER, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Dilip Kumar Pal
Department of Urology, IPGME&R, 242, AJC Bose Road, Kolkata - 700 020, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijot.ijot_18_21

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Background: Renal replacement therapy is the gold standard treatment of end-stage renal disease. Since the number of cases of chronic kidney diseases are increasing exponentially in our country, only live-related transplant is not enough to bridge the gap between disease and their treatment which increased the demand for deceased renal transplant program in our country. Objective: The objective is to study donors and recipients' characteristics for association with survival of patients in deceased renal allograft transplant. Materials and Methods: It is an ambispective observational analysis of 42 deceased donor renal transplants performed in our institute from January 2012 to December 2019. The difference among donors and recipients' characteristics was analyzed for association with the outcome for survival or death of the patient. Statistical analysis was done using SSPS 21.0 software and P value < 0.05 was taken as statistically significant. Results: In association with survival and expired outcomes, donors and recipients age, donors sex, cause of brain death (traumatic/nontraumatic), standard or extended criteria of donor, serum creatinine at the time of death, dialysis vintage period, warm and cold ischemia time, duration of hospital stay had shown no significant association with survival. While donors' urine output at the time of death, recipients sex, previous sensitization of recipients either by previous episodes of blood transfusion or pregnancy, achievement of normal renal function at day 14 of transplant, and tacrolimus level at 1 month of transplant shown significant association with the outcome. Conclusion: Deceased donors' characteristics, mainly urine output at death, recipients characteristic, namely any previous sensitization, achievement of normal renal function at day 14, serum tacrolimus level at 1-month posttransplant have a significant association with survival of deceased renal allograft transplant recipients. Sepsis and severe acidosis were the main complications contributing to mortality.

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