• Users Online: 1015
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-18

Malnutrition in kidney transplantation: Our experience and review of literature

Department of Nephrology, Madras Medical Mission Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu; Department of Nephrology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Georgi Abraham
Madras Medical Mission Hospital, Chennai - 600 037, Tamil Nadu
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijot.ijot_40_19

Rights and Permissions

Malnutrition is a well-known determining factor in the clinical outcome of a patient posttransplant. Malnutrition encompasses the entire spectrum ranging from excess to deficiencies of calorie, protein, and macronutrient and micronutrient intake. Pre- and posttransplant nutritional status of the patient is directly proportional to the graft survival. The misperception that transplantation would appease dietary restrictions in conjunction with inadequate physical activity adds to the burden of posttransplant complications. Commonly encountered complications posttransplant include weight gain, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and new-onset diabetes mellitus. While various studies have shown the effect of pretransplant serum phosphorus albumin, alkaline phosphatase, and body mass index on posttransplant functional graft survival, posttransplant malnutrition leading to an array of metabolic disorders can equally affect the same. The lack of standardized guidelines for the assessment and prevention of malnutrition specifically targeted at reducing posttransplant morbidity and mortality is the need of the hour. The focus must be on the implementation of a comprehensive patient-specific dietary and lifestyle plan made in collaboration by the patients treating physician, a skilled nutritionist, and family, taking into consideration adequate micronutrient and macronutrient requirements and patients' socioeconomic background.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded199    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal